RADIOBIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF CELLS IRRADIATED WITH PHOTON AND ELECTRON BEAMS RADIOTHERAPY USING LINEAR QUADRATIC AND MULTI-TARGET MODEL
Radiobiological model such as linear quadratic (LQ) is widely used in radiotherapy to predict the biophysical response of the tumour cell to the radiation. In clinical radiotherapy, LQ model is widely employed to plan treatment delivery and fractionation. Nevertheless, LQ model might not provide accurate prediction for high dose rate treatment. This study investigates the radiation cell survival responses using LQ model and alternative Multi-Target (MT) model. The experimental works were conducted in-vitro using HeLa cells that were irradiated using photon and electron beams of different energy. Cells irradiation were performed in full scatter condition and exposed to radiation doses ranges from 1 to 10 Gy. Clonogenic assay is used as an endpoint to obtain the cell survival curves which later be fitted with LQ and MT model. The results demonstrate that MT model produce the fitting curves that are closed to the experimental data compare to LQ model especially at high doses. Parameter analysis from both models indicates more biological damage inflicted by high energy electron beam. Correlation between the experimental cell survival data and radiobiological model analysis suggesting that alternative radiobiological model such as MT model could be applied in analysing cells’ radiation survival and damage in clinical radiotherapy.