MAMMOGRAPHIC BREAST DENSITY IN MALAYSIAN WOMEN WITH BREAST CANCER
The objective of this study was to examine the mammographic breast density of women with breast cancer detected on voluntary mammographic screening at two selected screening centers in Malaysia. This was a retrospective study of Full-Field Digital Mammography (FFDM) images of 150 Malaysian women with biopsy-proven breast cancer. The study population comprised 73 Malays (37.7%), 59 Chinese (39.3%) and 18 Indians (12.0%). The Tabár breast density Patterns (I - V) were used to evaluate mammographic breast density. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results were compared with findings from a similar study on a group of 668 women who did not have breast cancer. The results showed that 44.7% of the study population had dense breasts (Patterns IV and V), 14.7% had predominantly fatty breasts (Patterns II and III) while 40.7% had Pattern I. The proportion of study population with dense breasts decreased with age. In conclusion, the proportion of women with dense breasts decreased with age. Majority of the women with cancer (44.7%) had dense breasts of Tabár Patterns IV and V, which has been associated with increased risk of breast cancer detected by voluntary mammographic screening. The results support the notion that increased breast density is a risk factor of breast cancer.